UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20202
In the Matter of Docket No. 97-91-DA-S
JACOB ELBAUM, Suspension Proceeding
On June 30, 1997, Mr. Jacob Elbaum was issued a Notice of Governmentwide Suspension from Federal Procurement and Nonprocurement Transactions, pursuant to 34 C.F.R. § 85.411. The Notice informed Mr. Elbaum that the suspension was based upon a 21-count indictment brought against him on May 28, 1997, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. I have jurisdiction to decide this matter by virtue of a Delegation of Authority from the Director, Office of Hearings and Appeals, U.S. Department of Education.
Mr. Elbaum exercised his right to oppose this suspension proceeding in accordance with
the provisions of 34 C.F.R. § 85.412, by filing a letter written by his attorney, Mr. Gerald L.
Shargel. In that letter Mr. Shargel explained that while Mr. Elbaum is vigorously defending
himself against the charges contained in the indictment, he will be unable to present any
information in his defense to the Deciding Debarment and Suspension Official. On the basis of
this, Mr. Elbaum, through counsel, requests that this proceeding be stayed until the resolution of
the pending civil case.
Mr. Elbaum's request for a stay is denied. The Notice of Governmentwide Suspension
references Mr. Elbaum's May 28, 1997, indictment, along with five other co-defendants, of
allegedly conspiring with each other to defraud various agencies of the United States by
participating in various fraudulent schemes to obtain tens of millions of dollars through federal
and state grant, loan and subsidy programs for the benefit of themselves and other residents of
their community. The indictment charges that to effectuate these schemes, Mr. Elbaum and the
other co-conspirators created legal entities through which federal and state funds could be
obtained, submitted false documentation to establish the eligibility to participate in these
government programs, used the funds obtained from these programs for impermissible purposes,
and concealed their fraud by various methods. The programs defrauded by Mr. Elbaum and the
other co-conspirators include the Pell Grant program (U.S. Department of Education), the
Tuition Assistance Program (New York State Department of Education), a Small Business
Administration program designed to provide venture capital to small businesses, and the
Section 8 rental subsidy program (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development). The
indictment indicates that this alleged misconduct violates 18 USC §§ 2, 371, 666, 1001, 1341,
Debarments and suspensions are discretionary actions which are initiated to implement
the Government policy that it conduct business only with responsible persons. 34 C.F.R.
§ 85.115. The regulations authorizing these proceedings apply to all persons who have
participated, are currently participating or may reasonably be expected to participate in
transactions under Federal nonprocumrement programs. 34 C.F.R. § 85.110. My review of the
file convinces me that Mr. Elbaum falls within this category.
The governing regulation further provides that a suspension may be imposed if an
individual is suspected of committing an offense which is listed as a cause for debarment in 34
C.F.R. § 85.305(a) and that an indictment on one or more of those offenses shall constitute
adequate evidence for the purposes of suspension actions. 34 C.F.R. § 85.405. I have reviewed
the indictment and find that the offenses charged therein, following a conviction, would provide
adequate evidence to support a debarment. Accordingly, I find that a suspension of Mr. Elbaum
is appropriate and the Notice of Suspension was properly issued.
Judge Richard F. O'Hair
Deciding Debarment and Suspension Official
Dated: August 4, 1997
A copy of the attached initial decision was sent by certified mail, return receipt requested to the
Gerald L. Shargel, Esq.
1585 Broadway, 19th Floor
New York, NY 10036
David L. Morgan
Administrative Actions and Appeals Division
U.S. Department of Education
Room 3923, ROB-3
Washington, D.C. 20202-5341